What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Many people with diabetes focus on the carbohydrate content of their meals and prefer a low-carb diet for tight blood glucose level control. It’s important to have a healthy, balanced diet that is low in fat, sugar and salt and contain a high level of fresh fruit and vegetables.
There are two types of diabetes, the first known as type 1 and the other type 2.
Type 1 is an autoimmune disease, which means it results from the immune system mistakenly attacking parts of the body. In the case of type 1 diabetes, the immune system incorrectly targets insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The immune systems of people with type 1 diabetes continue to attack beta cells until the pancreas is incapable of producing insulin. People with type 1 diabetes need to inject themselves with insulin to compensate for the death of their beta cells.
Type 2 diabetes does not attack beta cells. Instead, type 2 diabetes is characterised by the body losing its ability to respond to insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. People with type 2 diabetes may need to take insulin injections.
So what sort of food can you eat to help avoid Diabetes:
1. White Bread, Pasta and Rice
White bread, rice and pasta are high-carb, processed foods. Eating bread, bagels and other refined-flour foods has been shown to significantly increase blood sugar levels in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. You are better eating brown bread, brown pasta and brown rice in exchange.
2. Fruit Juices
People with diabetes should avoid drinking juice, even 100 percent fruit juice. Fruit juice contains more nutrition than soda and other sugary drinks, but the problem is that juices have concentrated amounts of fruit sugar and therefore cause your blood sugar to shoot up.
Large serving of French fries can wreak havoc on blood sugar. Diabetics should be particularly careful to watch how many fries they eat because of their high carbohydrate content and glycemic.
4.Soda & Fizzy Drinks
The average can of soda can has roughly 15 to 18 teaspoons of sugar and more than 240 calories. People who drink one, two, or more cans of soda a day are much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people who rarely drink soda.
5.Sweets & Candy
Sweets and candy is obvious when it comes to high level of sugar, but unless you’re sticking to sugar-free gum, almost all candy is full of sugar and very bad for diabetics and general gaining weight.